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Batik
Written by Dewi Gading   
Monday, 12 April 2010 00:54

Institutions of the United Nations (UN), which supervises the field culture, UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Culture Organization) October 2009, has approved the batik as cultural heritage objects  produced by Indonesia.

Traditional Batik

 

Batik (Batik or word) comes from Javanese language "Amba", which means to write and "nitik". The word batik itself in the mean on batik pattern making techniques using a canting or cap and dyeing fabrics using natural materials "night" (wax) that applied over the fabric, which serves to hold the entry of materials dye. In English, this technique is known as wax-resist dyeing. So batik fabrics are fabrics that have a variety of decorative, or designs created by canting and cap with use the night as the color barrier material. This technique only can be applied on top of materials made from natural fibers such as cotton, silk, wool and can not be applied on the fabric with man-made fibers (polyester). Fabric and pattern-making
coloring does not use this technique known as fabric patterned batik is usually made on an industrial scale with the techniques print (print) is not made of batik cloth.

Batik is a craft that has high artistic value and has become part of Indonesian culture (especially Java) since long. Javanese women in the past making skills in batik as their livelihoods,

Batik is a craft that has high artistic value and has become part of Indonesian culture (especially Java) since long. Javanese women in the past making skills in batik as their livelihoods,

History of batik batik development is mostly done in times of Mataram kingdom, then in the kingdom of Solo and Yogyakarta. So the art of batik in Indonesia has been known since the time Majapahit kingdom and growing to the kingdom and subsequent kings. This batik art in general be widespread in Indonesia and in particular interest is that after the end of Java XVIII century and early nineteenth century.

However, the batik technique itself has been known more dekade (millennium), likely originated from ancient Egypt or Sumerian. He found extensively in several countries in Africa
West as Nigeria, Cameroon and Mali, or in Asia, such as India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Iran, Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia.

In Indonesia, batik making techniques using natural materials, Between the materials used are dyes consist of Indonesian native plants, among others, made their own of: noni tree, tall, soga, indigo, and materials made soda of soda ash, as well as salts made from mud.

Produced batik batik is all so early century the XX and batik newly identified only after World War First end or around the year 1920.

Batik art is the art of drawing on the fabric for clothing which became one of the kings of culture keluaga Indonesia bygone era. Originally made batik only limited activity in court only and only intended for the king and family clothing and the authorities. Because many of the magnifying stay outside the palace, the art of batik was brought by them out from the palace and is manufactured in place respectively.

Long batik art was imitated by the commoners and subsequently expanded to become the work of women in their household to fill the time field. In this period in Indonesia Batik rapidly evolving so that each respective regions in Indonesia have their own characteristic Batik
like Batik Yogyakarta, Batik Solo, Batik Pekalongan Batik Madura Batik Palembang etc..

Last Updated on Friday, 13 July 2012 23:34
 
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